10.1 Installation

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Figure 10-1

Many options exist for installation of the Levelogger, but essentially these installation methods can be classified into two broad categories: free suspended or fixed installations.

  1. In free suspended installations, the Levelogger is hung via suspension wire or Direct Read Cable from a well cap, or some fixed tie-off location, at the well head.
  2. In fixed installations the Levelogger is fixed in place by a compression fitting, a clamping mechanism or simple metal straps.

It is recommended that the Levelogger be installed in a vertical orientation. However, inclined or horizontal installation is acceptable. The level sensor in the Levelogger is indicated by the machined line about the body of the logger just above the pressure access holes. The pressure transducer is oriented in a plane normal to the long axis of the body and detects pressure directed along the plane of the long axis (Figure 10-1). In vertical orientations, the sensor detects pressure above the pressure transducer line, where as in non-vertical orientations, the pressure zero point is proportional to the angle of inclination.

Care should be taken to avoid dropping the Levelogger against a hard surface. Leveloggers should always be installed with the installation cap on (if not using a Direct Read Cable), whether it is being suspended by it or not. This prevents unnecessary battery drainage and protects the optical eyes.

Make sure you properly estimate the maximum and minimum expected water levels during the monitoring period. You need to install your Levelogger so it remains submerged at all times, and ensure that its maximum submergence depth throughout the monitoring period remains within its specified range. The pressure transducer can be damaged if the datalogger is over-pressurized by submergence greater than its level range. The Levelogger Edge and Levelogger Junior Edge are warranted to pressures up to 200% of their full scale level range (150% for the Levelogger Gold, Levelogger Junior and LTC Levelogger Junior Models), however accuracy can not be guaranteed beyond its full scale.

Other important considerations when installing the Levelogger in pressurized or intermittently pressurized locations such as pressure vessels, pressurized pipes, pulse flow conditions, drop structures or near hydraulics works, is to keep in mind the potential effect of water or steam hammer and hydraulic jump. Water hammer is caused by an abrupt alteration of flow direction resulting in pressure surges. Steam hammer occurs when steam enters a cold pipe partially filled with water. The hammer effect has the potential to significantly increase hydraulic pressure possibly exposing the pressure sensor to pressures beyond its maximum rating. Hydraulic jump is a phenomenon that occurs when water is 'lifted' or 'ramped' by velocity or flow obstructions. Hydraulic jump causes turbulence and creates non-representative head conditions in the water column. Care should be taken to avoid logger installation at points susceptible to hydraulic jump.